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Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Parsa, Nooshin Darvish, Sahar Mokhtari, Mahnaz Yavangi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei,
Volume 13, Issue 8 (9-2015)
Abstract

Background: Infertility is considered as a major health care problem of different communities. The high prevalence of this issue doubled its importance. A significant proportion of infertility have been related to environmental conditions and also acquired risk factors. Different environmental conditions emphasized the need to study the different causes of infertility in each area.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency causes of infertility in infertile couples.
Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional descriptive study 1200 infertile men and women that were referred to infertility clinic of Fatemieh Hospital during 2010 to 2011, were examined. This center is the only governmental center for infertility in Hamadan. Sampling was based on census method. Information about the patients was obtained from medical examinations and laboratory findings. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics such as frequencies and the mean were used.
Results: The prevalence of primary and secondary infertility was 69.5% and 30.5% respectively. Among the various causes of infertility women factors (88.6%) had the highest regard. In the causes of female infertility, menstrual disorders, diseases (obesity, thyroid diseases, and diabetes), ovulation dysfunction, uterine factor, fallopian tubes and cervical factor had the highest prevalence respectively. The causes of male infertility based on their frequency included semen fluid abnormalities, genetic factors, vascular abnormalities, and anti-spermatogenesis factors, respectively.
Conclusion: Etiology pattern of infertility in our study is similar with the many other patterns that have been reported by the World Health Organization. However, frequency of menstrual disorders is much higher than other studies that require further consideration.
Pooneh Nikuei, Minoo Rajaei, Kianoosh Malekzadeh, Abdolazim Nejatizadeh, Fatemeh Mohseni, Fatemeh Pourdarvishi, Nasrin Ghashghaeezadeh, ,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (5-2017)
Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious complication of pregnancy withhallmarks of incomplete placentation, placental ischemia and endothelialdysfunction. Imbalance between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),placenta growth factor (PlGF) and their receptors play important role inpathophysiology of PE.
Objective: This study was aimed to asses PlGF mRNA expression in placenta ofwomen affected with PE.
Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, expression of PlGF mRNAwas evaluated in 26 mild PE cases, 15 severe preeclamptic women and 20normotensive controls. Patients were sub-classified as early onset PE (9) and lateonset (32). After RNA extraction, PlGF expression was quantified with qRT-PCR.
Results: The results of PlGF mRNA expression between mild-severe, and early-lateonset PE patients showed no statistically significant difference compared with thecontrol group (p=0.661, p=0.205 respectively).
Conclusion: Despite we found no distinct differential expression of PlGF mRNA inplacental tissue of PE patients compared with control women, but according todecreased level of this angiogenic factor in PE even before clinical onset of thedisease, determining molecular mechanisms related to reduced secretion of PlGFinto the maternal circulation may be useful for future therapeutics.

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