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Showing 6 results for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Ashraf Moini, Kiarash Riazi, Vida Amid,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2004)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a rare complication of transvaginal oocyte retrieval. It may result in failure of assisted reproductive techniques (ART). During a 7 years period, 5958 transvaginal ultrasound-guided oocyte retrievals resulted in 10 cases of acute PID. Eight out of 10 patients were diagnosed infertile because of endometriosis. Two patients had mild ovarian, 3 had stage III, and 2 had stage IV endometriosis. One patient had a 3-4 cm ovarian endometrioma. After treatment, no mortality was encountered among the 10 patients, although none of them conceived. This observation supports the previous reports that endometriosis can raise the risk of PID after oocyte retrieval. More vigorous antibiotic prophylaxis and better vaginal preparation are recommended when oocyte pickup is performed in patients with endometriosis.
Sanam Moradan,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (7-2009)

Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of the most serious infection and one of the important and life threatening complications of it is tubo-ovarian abscess. This infection with intrauterine insemination (IUI) is rare. We report a case of ruptured tubo- ovarian abscess after (IUI). Case: A 27 years old woman was referred to our center with acute abdominal pain and fever one week after IUI. The diagnosis was PID and after treatment with intravenous antibiotics she was still febrile after 3days and had generalized tenderness in abdominal exam. Therefore, laparatomy was performed and left fallopian tube ruptured abscess was detected. Left salpingectomy was done. The patient developed dyspnea and tachypnea in second day post operation and echocardiography with spiral CT scan was normal. So a mild ARDS was considered .The patient was discharged from hospital 5 days after operation in good condition. Conclusion: This is a case of PID, tubal abscess and ARDS after IUI and it is necessary to keep in mind this diagnosis after IUI.
Seema Bibi, Mohammad Ali Pir, Roshan Ara Qazi, Misbah Bibi Qureshi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (7-2010)

Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia (hhcy) has been considered as a risk factor for several obstetrical complications such as early pregnancy loss pre-eclampsia and IUGR. Recently its association with infertility has been underscored in IVF failures; however limited information is available about the relationship of hhcy and subfertility. Objective: To find out the association between unexplained subfertility and hhcy in Pakistani women. Materials and methods: This observational study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad from 1st April 2008 to 31st March 2009. Study group consisted of all those women who were subfertile for more then one year have body mass index less than 25 regular menstrual cycle normal pelvic examination findings and no past history of pelvic inflammatory disease. Exclusion criteria was male factor subfertility endocrine and ovulatory dysfunction and tubal blockage. Evaluation was done by semen analysis pelvic ultrasound scan hystero-salpingography and hormonal assays. Fasting serum levels of homocysteine were determined using a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Results: In total 61 subjects were enrolled in the study including 49 subfertile women and 12 healthy women. Among subfertile women 39 (80%) were suffering from primary subfertility while 10 (20%) were complaining of secondary subfertility. Majority of the subjects were young house wives and residents of Hyderabad city. Mean serum fasting homocysteine levels were significantly higher in women suffering from unexplained subfertility as compared to controls (12.8+5.1 versus 9.7+1.7 p-value= 0.04). Conclusion: Hyperhomocysteinemia was observed in women suffering from unexplained subfertility. However large scale clinical studies are required to confirm the association.
Tahere Ashrafganjooei, Iraj Harirchi, Giti Iravanlo,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (7-2011)

Background: Tubo-ovarian abscess as a serious complication of pelvic inflammatory disease is very uncommon in sexually inactive girls. Case: We report a case of tubo-ovarian abscess in a 24-year-old sexually inactive girl with transverse vaginal septum who was presented with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass and without prior surgical history and no evidences of appendicitis, inflammatory bowel disease, or cancer. A huge unilateral tubo-ovarian abscess was recognized at laparotomy. Unilateral salpingoophorectomy, hysterectomy and postoperative antibiotic therapy cured the patient. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent further sequel including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain which cause morbidity.
Bárbara Romero, Laura Aibar, Luis Martínez Navarro, Juan Fontes, Maria-Angeles Calderón, Juan Mozas,
Volume 11, Issue 8 (11-2013)

Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease with progression to pelvic abscess is a rare complication after oocyte retrieval during in vitro fertilization cycles. However, in patients with endometriosis the risk appears to be increased. Many authors agree on the need for antibiotic prophylaxis during the oocyte retrieval in these patients, but there is no consensus regarding the best antibiotic.
Case: We discuss 3 clinical cases of tubo-ovarian abscess in women with endometriosis after oocyte retrieval despite antibiotic prophylaxis between 2004 and 2011 at our center, and discuss our experience in the context of earlier reports.
Conclusion: It is unclear whether antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary in these women, and which antibiotic is best. Only douching with povidone-iodine appears to decrease the rate of pelvic infection.
Swapnil Singh, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agarwal, Priya Chittawar, Ratna Thakur,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (3-2016)

Introduction: Chlamydia is an important cause of sexually transmitted diseases leading to tubal factor infertility.
Background: This study aims to define the role of chlamydial antibody detection in predicting presence, nature and type of tubal pathology in laparoscopy.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 200 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopy as a part of infertility work-up. Preoperatively, serological determination of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) specific antibodies against Chlamydia Trachomatis was done by Enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Findings of laparoscopy were evaluated against presence or absence of chlamydial antibodies in serum.
Results: Out of 200 patients,10 patients tested positive for chlamydial antibody. Chlamydial antibody was found positive in 20% and 22.7% of patients with tubal pathology and peri-hepatic adhesions of patients, respectively. The sensitivity of chlamydial antibody for diagnosing tubal pathology was found to be 20%, while specificity was 100%. The positive chlamydial antibody test was not statistically associated with involvement of one or both tubes and site of tubal block.
Conclusion: Chlamydia antibody test does not appear to be good screening test for tubal pathology especially in Indian subcontinent. In view of its high specificity, this test can be used to identify patients with higher chances of tubal pathology requiring operative intervention.

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