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Showing 4 results for Taghipour

Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Mojgan Javadnoori, Marzieh Hasanpour, Seyyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei, Ali Taghipour,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (4-2013)
Abstract

Background: Despite clear reasons for necessity of sexual health education for adolescents, it is a contested issue and has faced challenges in most cultures. Providing sexual education for non-married adolescents is culturally unacceptable in most Muslim societies.
Objective: This qualitative study addressed socio-cultural challenges to sexual health education for female adolescents in Iran.
Materials and Methods: Qualitative data from female adolescents (14-18 yr), mothers, teachers, authorities in health and education organizations, health care providers and clergies were collected in two large cities of Iran including Mashhad and Ahvaz through focus group discussions and individual in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis with MAXqda software.
Results: Our results revealed that the main socio-cultural challenges to sexual health education for adolescents in Iran are affected by taboos surrounding sexuality. The emergent categories were: denial of premarital sex, social concern about negative impacts of sexual education, perceived stigma and embarrassment, reluctance to discuss sexual issues in public, sexual discussion as a socio-cultural taboo, lack of advocacy and legal support, intergenerational gap, religious uncertainties, and imitating non-Islamic patterns of education.
Conclusion: It seems that cultural resistances are more important than religious prohibitions, and affect more the nature and content of sexual health education. However, despite existence of salient socio-cultural doubtful issues about sexual health education for adolescents, the emerging challenges are manageable to some extent. It is hoped that the acceptability of sexual health education for adolescents could be promoted through overcoming the cultural taboos and barriers as major obstacles.
Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Masoud Bahrami, Ali Taghipour, Jalal Abbasi Shavazi,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (5-2013)
Abstract

Background: Recently, the relevance of social interactions as determinants of behavioral intentions has been increasingly perceived, but there is a lack of knowledge on how and why it interacts with couples’ fertility intentions.
Objective: This qualitative study was conducted to explore the influence of social network on couples’ intention to have their first child in urban society of Mashhad, Iran in 2011.
Materials and Methods: In this exploratory qualitative study in-depth interviews were conducted with 24 participants including 14 fertile women, two parents, three husbands and five midwives and health care providers. The sample was selected purposively in urban health centers, homes and workplaces until data saturation was achieved. Data analysis was carried out adopting conventional content analysis approach through giving analytical codes and identification of categories using MAXqda software. Study rigor verified via prolonged engagement, validation of codes through member check and peer debriefing.
Results: Findings from data analysis demonstrated four major categories about social network’s influence on couples’ intention to have their first child including 1) perception of fertility relevant social network, 2) occurrence of various types of social influence 3) subjective judgment to the benefits of social network and its fitness to personal life, and 4) couples’ interaction with social network.
Conclusion: Managing the fertility behaviors need to include the consideration of personal social networks surrounding the couples. It is important to apply the study findings in providing family planning services and dissemination of appropriate fertility behaviors through community-based reproductive health care delivery system.
Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hamideh Jafari, Ali Taghipour,
Volume 17, Issue 5 (May 2019 2019)
Abstract

Background: There are controversial views on accepting a reproductive donation inthe world.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the socioculturalbeliefs and infertile couples’ attitude toward reproductive donation in Mashhad, Iran.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive correlational study was conducted out on 115infertile couples visiting Milad Infertility Center in Mashhad, Iran with using conveniencesampling. The research instruments were valid and reliable sociocultural beliefs andattitude questionnaires, which were completed by the respondents on a self-reportbasis.Results:The mean score of attitude toward reproductive donation in infertile womenand men was 58.3±12.6 and 57.8±12.0, and the mean score of sociocultural beliefs ininfertile women and men was 67.7±11.5 and 67.6±12.4, respectively. There was a directcorrelation between sociocultural beliefs and attitude toward reproductive donationin infertile women (p<0.001) and men (p<0.001), that is, women and men with ahigher score of sociocultural beliefs had a higher score of attitude as well. A directcorrelation was also seen between sociocultural beliefs and infertile women and men’spublic attitude, their attitude towards genetic bound between parents and children,their attitude regarding the issue of confidentiality of the donation process, as well asattitude in relation to oocyte donation, embryo donation, and surrogacy (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The findings suggest that sociocultural beliefs that surround reproductivedonation could influence infertile couple’s attitude toward accepting these therapeuticalternatives in infertile couples. It is therefore recommended to take steps toincorporate sociocultural beliefs into the routine care of infertile couples with the helpof social media to give them ability for making more pragmatic decision in relation totheir chosen options

Zahra Hadizadeh-Talasaz, Ali Taghipour, Seyede Hoora Mosavi-Vahed, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari,
Volume 18, Issue 6 (June 2020)
Abstract

Background: For a woman with bleeding and threatened abortion, ultrasound scan is done to confirm the viability of the fetus; however, 10-15% of the embryos are eventually aborted. Distinguishing between women with good and poor prognosis can be a helpful approach.
Objective: This study aimed to review the predictive value of Pregnancy-associated Plasma Protein A (PAPP-A) in relation to the diagnosis of fetal loss.
Materials and Methods: The articles published in multiple databases including Web of Science, PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Persian databases such as ISC, Magiran, and IranMedx were searched for articles published until May 2019. MeSH terms was used for searching the databases including fetal loss OR pregnancy loss OR abortion OR miscarriage with the following word using AND; Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A OR PAPP-A. Two reviewers extracted data and recorded them in a pre-defined form and assessed the quality of articles using the Newcastle-Ottawa tool. Meta-analysis was done using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis/2.0 software and MetaDisc.
Results: A total number of 16 studies were eligible for the qualitative data synthesis, out of which 8 studies were included in the meta-analysis. All studies had high and medium quality. The forest plot analysis showed a sensitivity of 57% (95% CI: 53-63%), a specificity of 83% (95% CI: 80-85%), a positive likelihood ratio of 3.52 (95% CI: 2.44-5.07), a negative likelihood ratio of 0.54 (95% CI: 0.37-0.79), and a diagnostic odds ratio of 6.95 (95% CI: 3.58-13.50).
Conclusion: PAPP-A cannot be recommended on a routine basis for predicting fetal loss and still further research with a combination of other biomarkers is required.



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