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Showing 11 results for Rezaei

Nourollah Rezaei, Ri-Cheng Chian,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (7-2005)

Background: Addition of amino acids to the culture medium is beneficial for embryonic development in many species. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of amino acids on the in vitro maturation and embryonic development of the bovine oocyte. Materials and Methods: Bovine ovaries were collected from a local abattoir and brought into laboratory. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs; n=1212) were aspirated from follicles (2-8 mm in diameter) and randomly assigned to four groups for maturation in culture: (1) Basic medium alone as control; (2) Basic medium supplemented with 2% MEM essential amino acids solution; (3) Basic medium supplemented with 1% MEM non-essential amino acids solution; and (4) Basic medium supplemented with 2% MEM essential amino acids solution + 1% MEM non-essential amino acids solution. COCs were incubated in 1 ml maturation medium in an Organ culture dish at 38.5�C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2 with high humidity. After 24 h of culture, 372 oocytes were fixed to determine maturation rate and the remaining oocytes were used for in vitro fertilization (IVF). Following 18 h of insemination, 437 oocytes were fixed and examined for fertilization and 403 oocytes were further cultured. Results: There were no differences in maturation rates and penetration rates among the four groups. Although oocyte cleavage rates were not different in the four groups, embryo development up to the 8-cell stage and blastocyst were significantly higher (p<0.05) in Group (2) and (4) than in the Control and Group (3). Conclusion: These results indicate that the presence of amino acids, especially essential amino acids in the maturation medium is beneficial to oocyte cytoplasmic maturation and subsequent early embryo development in vitro.
Abdolhossein Rezaeian, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Safar Farajnia, Mehrdad Soleimani, Abbas Baghi, Abbas Aflatoonian, Sirous Zeinali,
Volume 5, Issue 5 (7-2007)

Aisha Javed, Saeed Rezaei-Zarchi, Morteza Anvari, Madiha Javeed Ghani, Fatemeh Barzegari Firouzabadi, Amer Jamil, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Habibollah Nazem,
Volume 6, Issue 5 (7-2008)

Background: In vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes reduces the costs and averts the side-effects of gonadotropin stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF). Reliable IVM is an intellectual, scientific and clinical challenge with a number of potential applications.
Objective: The effect of hCG was evaluated on the timing and regulation of in vitro ovulation for the Syrian mice oocytes in the presence and absence of FSH. 
Materials and Methods: Preantral follicles, isolated from the ovaries of 6 weeks-old mice, were cultured in TCM-199 medium. The effect of 10-200 mIU/ml FSH and 1.5 IU/ml hCG was seen on the follicle maturation, as well as the changes in ovulation capacity of enclosed oocytes, after the incubation period of 6 days at 37 °C, 92% humidity and 5% CO2 in air.
Results: 100 mIU/ml FSH showed increased follicle diameter, survival, germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and oocyte maturation rates (p<0.0001). Significantly higher number of follicles showed cumulus attachment when ovulation started within 16-24 hours post hCG (97% and 80% respectively; p<0.0001) as compared to the cultures without hCG or when the ovulation time increased from 24 hours post hCG. Combination of FSH and hCG showed 97% (p<0.0001) ovulation as compared to that seen for FSH-containing medium only (81%) or control (10%).
Conclusion: The combined administration of 1.5 IU/ml hCG and 100 mIU/ml FSH induces the in vitro follicle maturation, ovulation capacity and proper timing of mice oocytes. 
Mazdak Razi, Rajab Ali Sadrkhanloo, Hassan Malekinejad, Farshid Sarrafzadeh-Rezaei,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (7-2012)

Background: The exact pathophysiology of testicular degeneration, following varicocele has not been completely understood yet.  
Objective: The current study was designed to determine the effect of varicocele on germinal epithelium (GE) cytoplasmic biohistochmical alterations.   Materials and Methods: To follow-up this study, left varicocele was induced in test groups. Non-varicocelized rats were served as control-sham (n=6). Following 4, 6 and 8 months, right and left testes were dissected out and the blood serum sample was taken. The GE cytoplasmic carbohydrate, lipid accumulation, lipase and alkaline-phosphates (ALP) ratios were analyzed. Serum levels of LH, FSH and testosterone were measured.
Results: Observations demonstrated that in varicocele-induced rats, the spermatogenesis cell lineage exhibited lower number of cells with periodic acid shift positive cytoplasm, higher number of cells with lipid and ALP positive stained cytoplasm in comparison to control animals. Lipase enzyme decreased by the time in the test animals. In varicocelized groups the number of Leydig cells decreased in to 2.25±0.41 and 1.16±0.75 per one mm 2 in left and right testicles respectively after 8 months, and these cells demonstrated an ALP positive feature. In test groups, the serum levels of LH and FSH reduced into 1.12±0.01 and 2.03±0.05 ng/ml respectively after 8 months. Although testosterone level diminished by the time in the test animals, and this decreasing was significant (p=0.031) after 8 months (3.08±0.10 ng/ml).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that following varicocele induction major alterations occur in GE, which may lead to loss of GE cells physiological function and ultimately result in fertility problems.
Sahar Moghbelinejad, Hossein Mozdarani, Zahra Rezaeian,
Volume 11, Issue 5 (7-2013)

Background: Irradiation is one of the major causes of induced sperm DNA damage. Various studies suggested a relation between sperm DNA damage and fertilization rate after intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Objective: In this study, fertilization rate and premature chromosome condensation (PCC) formation after ICSI of hamster oocytes with irradiated sperms from normal and oligosperm individuals was investigated.
Materials and Methods: Human sperms were classified according to counts to normal and oligosperm. Ten samples were used for each group. Golden hamster oocytes were retrieved after super ovulation by PMSG and HCG injection. From retrieved oocytes, 468 were in metaphase II. Control and 4 Gy gamma irradiated sperms were then injected into oocytes. After pronuclei formation in injected oocytes and formation of 8 cells embryos, slides were prepared using Tarkowskiechr('39')s standard air-drying technique. The frequency of embryos and PCC were analyzed using 1000× microscope after staining in 5% Giemsa.
Results: The extent of embryo development in oocytes injected by irradiated sperms was lower than those injected by non-irradiated sperms (p=0.0001). The frequency of PCC in failed fertilized oocytes was significantly higher in oligosperms (46%) compared with normal ones (0%), but there was no significant difference between irradiated and non-irradiated samples in each group (p=0.12).
Conclusion: The results showed that irradiation of sperms might influence the fertilization outcome possibly due to sperm DNA damage. One possible cause of precluding oocytes from fertilization in oligosperm individuals might be the formation of PCC.
Majid Motovali-Bashi, Zahra Rezaei, Fariba Dehghanian, Halimeh Rezaei,
Volume 13, Issue 9 (10-2015)

Background: Infertility is a health problem which affects about 10-20% of married couples. Male factor infertility is involved approximately 50% of infertile couples. Most of male infertility is regarding to deletions in the male-specific region of the Y chromosome.
Objective: In this study, the occurrence of deletions in the AZF region and association between infertility and paternal age were investigated in Iranian men population.
Materials and Methods: To assess the occurrence of Y chromosomal microdeletions and partial deletions of the AZF region, 100 infertile men and 100 controls with normal spermatogenesis were analyzed. AZFa, AZFb, AZFc and partial deletions within the AZFc region were analyzed using multiplex PCR method. Finally, the association between paternal age and male infertility was evaluated.
Results: No AZFa, AZFb or AZFc deletions were found in the control group. Seven infertile men had deletions as the following: one AZFb, five AZFc, and one AZFab. Partial deletions of AZFc (gr/gr) in 9 of the 100 infertile men (9/100, 9%) and 1 partial AZFc deletions (gr/gr) in the control group (1/100, 1%) were observed. In addition, five b2/b3 deletions in five azoospermic subjects (5/100, 5%) and 2 partial AZFc deletions (b2/b3) in the control group (2/100, 2%) were identified. Moreover, the risk of male infertility was influenced by the paternal age.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the frequency of Y chromosome AZF microdeletions increased in subjects with severe spermatogenic failure and gr/gr deletion associated with spermatogenic failure.
Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Leili Safdarian, Maryam Noorzadeh, Parvin Fallahi, Zahra Rezaeian, Sedighe Hoseinimosa,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (3-2017)

Background: There are different methods in endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET).
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the live birth rate in the artificial FET protocol (estradiol/ progesterone with GnRH-agonist) with stimulated cycle FET protocol (letrozole plus HMG).
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial included 100 women (18-42 years) randomly assigned to two groups based on Bernoulli distribution. Group I received GnRH agonist [Bucerelin, 500μg subcutaneously] from the previous midlutea lcycle, Then estradiol valerat [2 mg/ daily orally] was started on the second day and was increased until the observation of 8mm endometrial thickness. Finally progesterone [Cyclogest, 800 mg, vaginally] was started. Group II received letrozole on the second day of the cycle for five days, then HMG 75 IU was injected on the7PthP day. After observing [18 mm folliclhCG10000 IU was injected for ovulation induction. Trans cervical embryo transfer was performed in two groups. The main outcome was the live birth rate. The rate of live birth, implantation, chemical, and clinical pregnancy, abortion, cancellation and endometrial thickness were compared between two groups.
Results: Implantation rate was significantly higher in group I. Live birth rate was slightly increased in group I without significant difference (30% vs. 26%). The rate of chemical and clinical pregnancy was similar in two groups. The abortion rate was lower in letrozole protocol but the difference was not statistically significant. The mean endometrial thickness was not different between two groups.
Conclusion: Letrozole plus HMG method cannot improve pregnancy outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer but it has only one injection compare to daily injections in artificial method
Fereshte Torabi, Majid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Nourollah Rezaei,
Volume 15, Issue 7 (8-2017)

Background: Cyclophosphamide (CP) has been known as an anticancer drug with several side effects on various organs such as a male reproductive system that can cause infertility.
Objective: To evaluate the possible combined effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZno) and melatonin (Mel) on sperm parameters and histopathological changes of the testis in CP-treated rats.
Materials and Methods: 42 adult male Wistar rats were divided into six groups. GI: control, GII: 60 mg/kg/wk CP, GIII and GIV, 10 mg/kg/wk Mel and 5mg/kg/wk nZno and GV: 5 mg/kg/wk nZno and 10 mg/kg/wk Mel were given 2 hr prior to CP injection, respectively,GVI: 5mg/kg/wk nZno and 10 mg/kg/wk Mel simultaneously. After 8 wk of treatment, rats were sacrificed and testis and epididymis were harvested for further evaluation.
Results: The CP-treated group showed significant decreases in the body, testes and epididymis weights and sperm parameters (sperm count, viability, motility) with an increase abnormal sperms when compared with the control (p<0.001), as well as many histological alterations included decreased diameters of seminiferous tubules and Johnsen’s Testicular Score (with degeneration, desquamation, multi-nucleated giant cell formation), whereas combined treatment (GV), showed more protective effects on CP-induced reproductive system damage compared with groups III or IV (p<0.001).
Conclusion: These results suggest simultaneous administration of Mel and nZno have more effectively protections against CP-induced reproductive damage than Mel or nZno alone.
Reza Omani Samani , Amir Almasi Hashiani, Maryam Razavi, Samira Vesali, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahdi Sepidarkish,
Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2018)

Background: Understanding the prevalence of menstrual disorders has important implications for both health service planning and risk factor epidemiology.
Objective: The aim of this review is to identify and collate studies describing the prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran.
Materials and Methods: Studies with original data related to the prevalence of menstrual disorders were identified via searching six electronic databases and reviewing citations. All abstracts or titles found by the electronic searches were independently scrutinized by two reviewers. The Meta-analysis was performed with a random effects model, considering the remarkable heterogeneity among studies. A total of 35 eligible epidemiological studies were included in this review.
Results: Overall, the pooled prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 73.27% (95% CI=65.12-81.42). The mean proportion of women with oligomenorrhea was 13.11% (95.5%, 95% CI: 10.04-16.19). We identified 16 studies that reported polymenorrhoea with a random effect of pooled prevalence estimate of 9.94% (95% CI 7.33%-12.56%). The prevalence estimate of hypermenorrhea was 12.94% (95% CI 9.31%-16.57%). Overall prevalence of hypomenorrhea was 5.25% (95% CI 3.20%-7.30%), ranging from 0.9- 12.90%. Pooling six studies that reported estimates for menorrhagia, the overall prevalence was 19.24% (95% CI 12.78-25.69). Overall, 6.04% (95% CI: 1.99-10.08) of the women were shown to have metrorrhagia.
Conclusion: This systematic review suggests that the average prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran is substantial. It has been neglected as a fundamental problem of womenchr('39')s reproductive health. Diagnosis and treatment of these disorders should be included in the primary health care system of reproductive health.

Tahereh Mardanshahi, Nourollah Rezaei, Zohreh Zare, Majid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Hamidreza Mohammadi,
Volume 17, Issue 5 (May 2019 2019)

Background: Diabetes mellitus affects male reproductive system that is known to
cause male infertility.
Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of L-carnitine (LC) on sperm parameters, apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and testis histopathology in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic Rats.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 36 male Wistar adult rats (220 ± 30 gr) randomly divided into six groups (n = 6/each). 1 (Control); 2 (LC 100 mg/kg); 3 (Diabetic); 4, 5, and 6 (Diabetic + LC 50 or 100 or 200 mg/kg, respectively). Daily injections were administered intraperitoneally for 48 days. Then, rats were sacrificed, left testis and epididymis were harvested for sperm analysis and histopathology,morphometric and spermatogenesis assessments, and Tunnel assay.
Results: L-carnitine in group 6 significantly decreased blood glucose level (p < 0.01) in comparison with group 3. L-carnitine in groups 5 and 6 significantly (p < 0.001) and dose-dependently increased the count, motility, viability, maturity, and chromatin quality of sperm and decreased the abnormal morphology of sperm in comparison with group 3. In groups 4, 5, and particularly 6, in comparison with group 3, there has been a significant difference in the increase of seminiferous tubule diameter, germinal epithelium height (p < 0.001), maturity quality of the seminiferous tubules (p < 0.001), decrease apoptosis of spermatogenic cells (p < 0.001), and testis tissue histopathological complications.
Conclusion: The data obtained from the present study suggest that in the diabetic rats, LC decreases serum glucose level, improves the diameter and thickness of the epithelium of spermatogenic cells, reduces germ cells’ apoptosis, and improves epididymal sperm parameters. Therefore, it seems that LC plays an effective role in diabetes-induced infertility.
Morteza Motedayen, Mohammad Rafiei, Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Majid Dousti,
Volume 17, Issue 7 (July 2019 2019)

Background: One of the causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity is pregnancy-induced hypertension, the most common form of which is preeclampsia that causes many complications for mother and fetus.
Objective: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and preeclampsia in Iran.
Materials and Methods: Using valid keywords in the SID database, PubMed, Scopus,data obtained from all the articles, which were reviewed in Iran between 2000 and 2016, were combined using the meta-analysis method (random-effects model) and
analyzed using STATA version 11.1.
Results: A total number of 5,946 samples were enrolled in 16 studies with the mean BMI values of 25.13, 27.42, and 26.33 kg /m2 in the healthy, mild, and severe preeclamptic groups, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that there is a significant relationship between BMI and the risk of preeclampsia, so it can be said that BMI may be one of the ways to diagnose preeclampsia.

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