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Showing 5 results for Omani Samani

Leila Alizadeh, Reza Omani Samani,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (4-2014)

The use of donated embryos has offered hope for infertile couples who have no other means to have children. In Iran, fertility centers use fertile couples as embryo donors. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure will be discussed. We conclude that embryo-donation should be performed with frozen embryos thus preventing healthy donors from being harmed by fertility drugs. There must be guidelines for choosing the appropriate donor families. In countries where commercial egg donation is acceptable, fertile couples can be procured as embryo donors thus fulfilling the possible shortage of good quality embryos. Using frozen embryos seems to have less ethical, religious and legal problems when compared to the use of fertile embryo donors.
Saman Maroufizadeh, Azadeh Ghaheri, Reza Omani Samani, Zahra Ezabadi,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (1-2016)

Background: Infertility is a global public health issue and may adversely affect life satisfaction. One of the most widely instruments used to assess life satisfaction is the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS).
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the SWLS in Iranian infertile women.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a total of 125 infertile women referring to Royan Institute in Tehran were selected by convenience sampling method. The participants were administered the SWLS, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and a demographic questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the SWLS were examined: construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), reliability using Cronbach’s alpha and convergent validity by examining the relationship with HADS.
Result: Results of the CFA indicated that a single-factor model provides a good fit to the data (χ2/df= 1.58; GFI= 0.975; CFI= 0.995; NFI= 0.985; RMSEA= 0.069 and SRMR= 0.027). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for SWLS was 0.887. Significant negative  correlations  were found  between  SWLS and HADS scores for anxiety (r= -0.410) and depression (r= -0.434), indicating an acceptable convergent validity.
Conclusion: The SWLS has adequate psychometric properties for assessing life satisfaction in Iranian infertile women.
Payam Amini, Saman Maroufizadeh, Reza Omani Samani,
Volume 15, Issue 5 (6-2017)

Background: The hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) is a commonscreening tool designed to measure the level of anxiety and depression in differentfactor structures and has been extensively used in non-psychiatric populations andindividuals experiencing fertility problems.
Objective: The aims of this study were to evaluate the factor structure, itemanalyses, and internal consistency of HADS in Iranian infertile patients.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 651 infertile patients(248 men and 403 women) referred to a referral infertility Center in Tehran, Iranbetween January 2014 and January 2015. Confirmatory factor analysis was used todetermine the underlying factor structure of the HADS among one, two, and threefactormodels. Several goodness of fit indices were utilized such as comparative,normed and goodness of fit indices, Akaike information criterion, and the root meansquared error of approximation. In addition to HADS, the Satisfaction with LifeScale questionnaires as well as demographic and clinical information wereadministered to all patients.
Results: The goodness of fit indices through CFAs exposed that three and one-factormodel provided the best and worst fit to the total, male and female datasetscompared to the other factor structure models for the infertile patients. TheCronbach’s alpha for anxiety and depression subscales were 0.866 and 0.753respectively. The HADS subscales significantly correlated with SWLS, indicating anacceptable convergent validity.
Conclusion: The HADS was found to be a three-factor structure screeninginstrument in the field of infertility.
Mehdi Ranjbaran, Reza Omani Samani, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Pegah Matourypour, Ashraf Moini,
Volume 15, Issue 11 (11-2017)

Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder characterized by physical, mental and behavioral changes in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle in the reproductive age women.
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the overall prevalence of PMS in Iran by a systematic review and meta-analysis study.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched international databases included ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, and also local databases including Iranmedex, Scientific Information Database, and Magiran for articles in English and Persian language published up to September 2016. We carried out data analysis with Stata version 11. We examined heterogeneity in the results of studies through I2 statistics and Chi-square based Q test. Also, we investigated the effects of potential heterogeneity factors in the prevalence of PMS by meta-regression.
Results: We studied a total of 9147 reproductive-age women from 24 articles which entered to meta-analysis. Based on the result of random effect model, we estimated the overall prevalence of PMS 70.8% [95% CI: 63.8-77.7]. The results of subgroup analysis revealed that prevalence of PMS was 80.4% (95% CI; 66.9-93.9) among high school students, 68.9% (95% CI; 59.2-78.6) among university students, and 54.9% (95% CI; 51.6-58.2) in general population. Univariate meta-regression model showed that prevalence of PMS was decreased by increasing the age of subjects but this was not statistically significant (p=0.155).
Conclusion: Our finding showed that PMS was prevalent in Iranian reproductive age women especially among high school students. More epidemiological research for determining factors that affect PMS prevalence seems essential.
Reza Omani Samani , Amir Almasi Hashiani, Maryam Razavi, Samira Vesali, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahdi Sepidarkish,
Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2018)

Background: Understanding the prevalence of menstrual disorders has important implications for both health service planning and risk factor epidemiology.
Objective: The aim of this review is to identify and collate studies describing the prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran.
Materials and Methods: Studies with original data related to the prevalence of menstrual disorders were identified via searching six electronic databases and reviewing citations. All abstracts or titles found by the electronic searches were independently scrutinized by two reviewers. The Meta-analysis was performed with a random effects model, considering the remarkable heterogeneity among studies. A total of 35 eligible epidemiological studies were included in this review.
Results: Overall, the pooled prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 73.27% (95% CI=65.12-81.42). The mean proportion of women with oligomenorrhea was 13.11% (95.5%, 95% CI: 10.04-16.19). We identified 16 studies that reported polymenorrhoea with a random effect of pooled prevalence estimate of 9.94% (95% CI 7.33%-12.56%). The prevalence estimate of hypermenorrhea was 12.94% (95% CI 9.31%-16.57%). Overall prevalence of hypomenorrhea was 5.25% (95% CI 3.20%-7.30%), ranging from 0.9- 12.90%. Pooling six studies that reported estimates for menorrhagia, the overall prevalence was 19.24% (95% CI 12.78-25.69). Overall, 6.04% (95% CI: 1.99-10.08) of the women were shown to have metrorrhagia.
Conclusion: This systematic review suggests that the average prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran is substantial. It has been neglected as a fundamental problem of women's reproductive health. Diagnosis and treatment of these disorders should be included in the primary health care system of reproductive health.

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