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Showing 12 results for Movahedin

Iraj Rashidi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Taki Tiraihi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (7-2004)

Background: Pentoxifylline (PX) prevents cAMP breakdown by inhibiting the activity of the cAMP-phosphatase and presumably, stimulates sperm motion. Incubation with PX causes hyperactivation of sperm, an important step in achieving fertilization, and leads to changes in membranes associated with sperm capacitation. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pentoxifylline on sperm viability, motility and fertilization rate after mouse sperm preservation. Materials & Methods: Epididymal spermatozoa from adult NMRI mice were collected in T6 medium supplemented with 5% BSA and divided into four control and four experimental groups. The control groups included: (1) Fresh sperm sample (2) Preserved sperm sample at room temperature for 18 hours. (3) Preserved sperm sample at incubator 37°C for 18 hours. (4) Preserved sperm sample at 4°C for 18 hours. Experimental groups were the same groups after treatment with 3mmol/L PX. All the samples were assessed according to World Health Organization Criteria. Oocytes from superovulated NMRI female mice were inseminated in-vitro incubated sperm of all the control and experimental groups. After insemination and washing, the fertilization rate and cleavage rate were assessed by the presence of two pronucleus (2PN) and 2-cell stage embryos. To study the acrosomal reaction of control and treated spermatozoa transmission electron microscopy (TEM) technique was used. Results: The results showed that addition of 3mmol PX to preserved mouse spermatozoa at 4 ºC and 37 ºC could increase the motility rate significantly (P<0.05) and also it could enhance abnormal morphology rate. Significant increase of fertilization rate was seen after preservation of treated sperm at 4 ºC (P<0.05), but there was not seen significant difference regarding cleavage rate comparing treated and non-treated spermatozoa (P>0.05). Studies with electron microscopy showed that addition of PX to the preserved spermatozoa prevent early acrosomal reaction. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated that addition of pentoxifylline in mouse sperm samples after short time preservation can enhance the motility and fertilization rate, although it can enhance the abnormal morphology. It also can increase the number of intact sperm after preservation Article
Morteza Koruji, Mansoureh Movahedin, Seyed Javad Mowla, Hamid Gourabi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2007)

Background: The basis of spermatogenesis is the spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). The concentration of SSCs is very small. However, a system that supports the proliferation and maintenance of SSCs in vitro could be used to preserve and expand SSCs numbers as well as increase success in transplantation. It is a new avenue to restore spermatogenesis in azoospermia subjects.
Objective: Proliferation and enhancement of frozen-thawed SSCs numbers during in vitro culture.
Materials and Methods: Both Sertoli and spermatogonial cells were isolated from adult mouse testes. Frozen-thawed spermatogonial cells were cultured in two groups: simple culture (Experimental 1) and co culture with Sertoli cells (Experimental 2). Also, Fresh cells were considered as control groups: simple culture (control1) and co culture with Sertoli cells (control 2).Assay of the spermatogonial-cell-derived colonies was carried out at the end of each week.
Results: Results indicated that the viability rate of the frozen cells after thawing (68.4±10.2%) was influenced by cryopreservation procedure significantly (p ≤0.001). In addition, the number of the colonies and their diameters in the co-culture system with fresh cells (25.1±5.2 and 205.8±50 µm, respectively) were more than other groups and the differences were significant (p<0.001). Number of the colonies and their diameters in experimental 1(9.5±4.3 and 124±35.9 µm, respectively), experimental 2 (15.6±3.5 and 157.6±41.9µm, respectively) groups were better than control 1 group (3.1±2.2 and 87.5±30.6µm, respectively) and the differences were significant (p<0.001).
Conclusion: We demonstrated that co-culture system with Sertoli cells can increase in vitro colony formation of adult fresh and frozen-thawed spermatogonial cells in mouse.
Forouzan Absalan, Mansoureh Movahedin, Seyed Javad Mowla,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (7-2008)

Background: In most mammals, the testis is always maintained at a lower temperature than that in the abdomen, and exposure of the testis to body temperature causes degeneration of germ cells.
Objective: In this research, the long effect of heat exposure on sperm parameters and microstructure of mouse testis were investigated. Cryptorchid mouse were induced by exposure to abdominal heat.
Materials and Methods: Immature mice were anesthetized and a small incision was made in the abdominal skin, then fat pad at the upper end of testis was sutured to peritoneum. Weight of testis, spermatogenic cell numbers, tubular ectasis (rate of tubular lumen comparing to the thickness of germinal epithelium) as well as epididymal sperm parameters were measured.
Results: The results showed that spermatogenesis was arrested and testicular weights, seminiferouse tubular diameters and epididymal sperm parameters were significantly reduced in the bilateral undescended testis compared with unilateral undescended testis and the control mice. However, complete depletion of seminiferous tubules and absence of germ cells was not found in the animals.
Conclusion: In general, high temperature caused a decreased in all analyzed parameters except spermatogonial cell number probably due to the apoptosis and these changes significantly increase in bilateral groups compared with unilateral groups. We believe that the present model is a suitable tool for enrichment of spermatogonial stem cells, also it is useful for treatment of cryptorchidism and further biological research on spermatogenesis.
Mohammad Hossein Asadi, Setareh Javanmardi, Mansoureh Movahedin,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (2-2014)

Background: Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) is a self-renewing population of male adult stem cell. SSCs have a differentiation potential which are similar to embryonic stem cells. These Embryonic stem like (ES-like) cells can be a potential source for pluripotent cells for stem cell-based therapy.
Objective: This study presents an economical and simple co-culture system for pluripotent stem cells generation from neonatal mouse testis
Materials and Methods: Isolated testicular cells were cultured in DMEM/F12. Characteristics of the isolated cells and obtained ES-like cell were immune-cytochemically confirmed by examining the presence of PLZF, vimentin, Oct4 and Nanog protein. Expression of the pluripotency and germ-cell specific genes was analyzed by qPCR in derived ES-like colony and SSCs respectively.
Results: The experiment results indicated that our method of obtaining pluripotent ES-like cells from spermatogonial cells (SCs) is simpler than the described methods. ES-like cells were immunopositive for pluripotency markers. ES-like cell qPCR results indicated significant increase in pluripotency genes expression and significant decrease in germ cell-specific genes expression.
Conclusion: The results indicated that ES-like cell with pluripotency characteristic were generated from freshly isolated spermatogonial cells. The pluripotent stem cells provide a cellular reservoir usable for regenerative medicine instead of embryonic stem cells. 
Mahsa Askari Jahromi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zohreh Mazaheri, Masoud Amanlu, Seyed Javad Mowla, Hosein Batooli,
Volume 12, Issue 7 (8-2014)

Background: Catsper proteins are responsible for entering Ca2+ to the cell and play an important role in sperm motility and male fertility. Antioxidants are vital for sperm motility too. Escanbil (Calligonum) extract possess some of the important antioxidant like Catechin and Quercetin.
Objective: Here we investigated the effects of Escanbil (Calligonum) extract on the sperm parameters and the expressing of Catsper gene in aging male mice.
Materials and Methods: In this animal study, firstly, dose response was performed by using these three doses of Escanbil (Calligonum) (10, 30 and 50 mg/kg). 5 mice in each group were considered and Intra Peritoneal injection was done for 5 weeks. the sperm parameters analyzed and Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL )staining was done. 30 mg/kg dose was considered as optimum dose. Secondly: fifteen aging male mice (11-13 months) were divided into three groups: control, sham and experiment. The experiments were injected Intra peritonealy with Escanbil (Calligonum) extract (30mg/kg) weekly for up to 5 weeks. The sham group was injected Intra Peritoneal (DMSO). Sperm parameters were analyzed. Expression of Catsper genes was analyzed by Real time PCR.
Results: Our results showed that after Escanbil (Calligonum) treatment (30 mg/kg), the sperm parameters were improved in experimental group (p<0.05). Our data showed that there was a statistical significance difference between the expressions of Catsper 2, 4 in aging experiment group comparison with aging control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: We investigated that the Escanbil (Calligonum) extract (30 mg/kg) can improve sperm parameters and change the expression of Catsper genes in aging male mice. This herbal extract can be used as an antioxidant component for clinical usages.
Leila Amini, Najmeh Tehranian, Mansoureh Movahedin, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Saeideh Ziaei,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (1-2015)

Background: Recently there is a focus on the antioxidants as adjuvant treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most endocrinopathy in reproductive age women.
Objective: The aim of this review is answer to the question whether antioxidants are effective for managing of hormonal and metabolic problems in women with PCOS based on first degree evidences from Iran.
Materials and Methods: A systematic review of clinical trials was done in Persian and international databases including PubMed, Scientific Information Database, Google Scholar, Iran Medex, and Magiran up to 2013. Keywords were including polycystic ovary syndrome, Iran, vitamin, antioxidant. From 440 potential studies found electronically, 11 studies; including 444 women in intervention and 390 women in control groups. Intervention in three studies was Calcium-vitamin D or calcitriol; in three studies was ω-3 fatty acids; in two studies was N-acetyl cysteine; in one study was folic acid; in one study was Zinc; and in one study was Soy.
Results: Finally, 11 studies that were relevant and met the inclusion criteria reviewed. There were 7 studies in English and 4 studies in Persian. We couldn’t include all studies because all full texts were not accessible.
Conclusion: The results showed that antioxidants and vitamins have positive effects on management of PCOS women. Although it seems more studies is necessary in this field.
Nasrin Majidi Gharenaz, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zohreh Mazaheri, Shahram Pour Beiranvand,
Volume 14, Issue 8 (8-2016)

Background: Nowadays, oocytes and embryos vitrification has become a routine technique. Based on clinical judgment, re-vitrification maybe required. But little is known about re-vitrification impact on genes expression.
Objective: The impact of re-vitrification on apoptotic and implanting genes, Bax, Bcl-2 and ErbB4, at compaction stage embryos were evaluated in this study.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 8 cell embryos (n=240) were collected from female mature mice, 60-62 hr post HCG injection. The embryos were divided randomly to 3 groups included: fresh (n=80), vitrified at 8 cell stage (n=80), vitrified at 8 cell stage thawed and re-vitrified at compaction stage (n=80). Embryos were vitrified by using cryolock, (open system) described by Kuwayama. Q-PCR was used to examine the expression of Bax, Bcl2 ErbB4 genes in derived blastocysts.
Results: Our result showed that expanded blastocyst rate was similar between vitrified and re-vitrified groups, while re-vitrified embryos showed significant decrease in expanded blastocyst rate comparing with fresh embryos (p=0.03). In addition, significant difference was observed on apoptotic gene expression when comparing re-vitrified and fresh embryos (p=0.004), however expression of Bax and Bcl-2 (apoptotic) genes didn't demonstrate a significant difference between re-vitrified and vitrified groups. The expression rate of ErbB4, an implantation gene was decreased in re-vitrified embryos comparing with fresh embryos (p=0.003), but it was similar between re-vitrified and vitrified embryos.
Conclusion: Re-vitrification can alter the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 and ErbB4 genes and developmental rate of mouse embryos in compaction stage.
Nasrin Khanmohammadi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Manouchehr Safari, Hamid Reza Sameni, Behpour Yousefi, Behnaz Jafari, Sam Zarbakhsh,
Volume 14, Issue 10 (10-2016)

 L-carnitine (LC) is an antioxidant with the ability to promote the growth in vitro embryo.
Objective: The goal was to evaluate the effect of LC on some indicators of embryo development and blastocyst quality including zona pellucid (ZP) thickness, the hatching of blastocysts and their cell numbers.
Materials and Methods: Mouse embryos were randomly divided into five groups and incubated with different concentrations of LC (I; 0, II; 0.5, III; 1, IV; 2 and V; 4 mg/ml) from 2-cell to hatched blastocyst. The percentage of blastocysts and hatched blastocysts was calculated. Blastocysts ZP thickness was measured and the number of blastocyst cells was counted using Hoechst and propidium iodide (PI) staining.
Results: The results showed concentration of 0.5 mg/ml of LC had an antioxidant effect as in this group, the percentage of blastocysts and hatched blactocysts (p=0.01), the ZP thickness (p=0.00) and the number of blastocyst inner cell mass were significantly more favorable than the control group (p=0.03); and concentration of 4 mg/ml of LC had a toxic effect on embryo development and blastocyst quality (p=0.00).
Conclusion: The results suggest that LC may increase the number of blastocyst cells, which probably helps to expand the blastocyst and thinning of the ZP thickness and, therefore, creating a successful hatching for implantation
Elham Mohammadzadeh, Fatemeh-Sadat Amjadi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zahra Zandieh, Zohreh Nazmara, Neda Eslahi, Peymaneh Shirinbayan, Hamid Reza Asgari, Nahid Azad, Maryam Salimi, Morteza Koruji,
Volume 15, Issue 7 (8-2017)

Background: Prenatal drug exposure, as a common public health concern, is associated with an increased risk of adverse effects on early embryo development.
Objective: To investigate the in vitro development of - embryo from experimentally Kerack-addicted mice.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-five female mice were studied in five groups: control, vehicle, and three experimental groups of Kerack-dependent mice (I, II, and III) which received different doses of Kerack for 14 days. After the establishment of addiction model (7 days), experimental groups I, II, and III were given Kerack intraperitoneally at the doses of 5, 35, and 70 mg/kg, twice a day for a period of 7 days, respectively. The vehicle group received normal saline and lemon juice whilst the control group just received water and food. Morulae were obtained through oviduct flashing. The survived embryos were cultured in T6+ 5mg/ml bovine serum albumin. The developmental rates up to hatched stage daily and embryo quality (differential staining and Tunnel staining) were also assessed
Results: The developmental potential of embryos obtained from the addicted mother was significantly decreased in comparison with control group. There was a significant reduction in the rate of blastocyst formation in the high dose Kerack dependent group. However, in addicted mice there was reduction in the total cell number (40.92% vs. 65.08% in control) and, inner cell mass percentage (17.17% vs. 26.15% in control) while apoptotic cells numbers were increased (7.17 vs. 1.46 in control) (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The Kerack addiction during pregnancy retards preimplantation development and induces apoptosis.
Kiandokht Kiani, Mansoureh Movahedin, Hossein Malekafzali, Faramarz Mirfasihi, Seyedeh Nargess Sadati, Ashraf Moini, Seyed Nasser Ostad, Reza Aflatoonian,
Volume 16, Issue 5 (May 2018)

Background: Establishment of a standardized animal endometriosis model is necessary for evaluation of new drug effects and for explaining different ethological aspects of this disease. For this purpose, we need a model which has more similarity to human endometriosis.
Objective: Our objective was to establish an autologous endometriosis mouse model based on endogenous estrogen level and analyze the influence of estrus cycle on the maintenance of endometriotic lesions.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, endometriotic lesions were induced in 52 female NMRI mice by suturing uterine tissue samples to the abdominal wall. The transplantation was either performed at proestrus/estrus or at metestrus/diestrus cycles. Urine-soaked beddings from males and also male vasectomized mice were transferred to the cages to synchronize and maintenance of estrus cycle in female mice. The mice were sacrificed after different transplantation periods (2, 4, 6 or 8 wk). The lesions size, macroscopic growth, model success rate, histological and immune-histochemical analyses were assessed at the end.
Results: From a total of 200 tissue samples sutured into the peritoneal cavity, 83 endometriotic lesions were confirmed by histopathology (41.5%). Model success rate for proestrus/estrus mice was 60.7% vs. 79.2% for metestrus/diestrus mice. The endometriotic lesions had similar growth in both groups. Number of caspase-3, Ki67-positive cells and CD31-positive micro vessels were also similar in endometriotic lesions of two groups.
Conclusion: If we maintain the endogenous estrogen levels in mice, we can induce endometriosis mouse model in both proestrus/estrus and metestrus/diestrus cycle without any significant difference.
Shirin Barati, Mansoureh Movahedin, Hossien Batooli,
Volume 16, Issue 5 (May 2018)

Background: Spermatogonial stem cells are the foundation of spermatogenesis and male fertility. So, their maintenance and culture are very important.
Objective: In this study, we assessed protective effects of the Calligonum on in vitro viability and apoptotic and antiapoptotic genes expression of spermatogonial stem cells.
Materials and Methods: After 24 hr of culture, the spermatogonial stem cells were treated with 30 μM dose of H2O2 and then 10 μg/ml the Calligonum extract was added for 3 wks. Viability was assessed by Trypan blue, apoptosis using PI-Annexin and finally Bax, Bcl-2 and P53 genes expression by Real-Time Polymerase chain reaction.
Results: After 3 wk of treatment, viability in the Calligonum extract+H2O2 group was significantly higher than H2O2 group alone (p=0.001). In the Calligonum extract+H2O2 group, apoptosis, as well as expression of apoptotic genes (Bax and P53), was significantly lower than the group treated with H2O2 alone.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that 30 μM H2O2 increased apoptosis but decreased viability in spermatogonial stem cells. Calligonum has antioxidant properties that can reduce apoptosis, Bax and P53 expression and increase the viability and Bcl-2 expression.
Fatemeh Tahmasebi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zohreh Mazaheri,
Volume 16, Issue 10 (October 2018)

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCO) is one of the most common reasons for infertility. Calligonum as a plant possess some of the important antioxidants that can decrease oxidative stress.
Objective: The effects of treatment with Calligonum as an antioxidant on ovary tissue of a PCO mouse model.
Materials and Methods: Thirty female NMRI mice were divided into three groups (n=10/each): control, PCO, and Calligonum. We induced PCO model with single dose of Estradiol valerate (40 mg/kg). Then Calligonum (20 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected weekly for two months. The level of oxidative stress and total antioxidant capacity was assessed in the ovarian tissue by flow cytometry and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, respectively, and the histological study was conducted by the morphometric method and embryo development with in vitro fertilization.
Results: The obtained results showed that estradiol valerate was able to increase oxidative stress within the ovary and causes ovarian cysts after two months. The cyst formation was decreased in Calligonum group compared to PCO group (p=0.001). The percentage of pre-antral and antral follicles significantly decreased in Calligonum group compared to PCO group (p=0.001). The oxidative stress decreased in Calligonum group significantly compared to PCO group (p=0.001). Calligonum can significantly increase the total antioxidant capacity of ovarian tissue (p=0.001) as well as the percentage of in vitro fertilization compared to the PCO group.
Conclusion: Calligonum could decrease ovary cyst in PCO model, and improve in vitro fertilization rate. Also, Calligonum extract as an antioxidant could decrease oxidative stress in PCO model.

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