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Showing 4 results for Merghati Khoei

Masoumeh Abad, Hossein Malekafzali, Masoumeh Simbar, Hassan Seyed Mosaavi, Effat Merghati Khoei,
Volume 14, Issue 5 (5-2016)

Background: Health-related quality of life is affected by electromagnetic field exposure in each person everyday life. However, this is extremely controversial issue.
Objective: Investigation of the associations between electromagnetic field exposure and miscarriage among women of Tehran.
Materials and Methods: In this longitudinal study, 462 pregnant women with gestational age <12 wks from seven main regions of Tehran city in Iran with similar social and cultural status were participated. Women were interviewed face-to face to collect data. Reproductive information was collected using medical file recorded in those hospitals the subjects had delivery. The measuring device measured electromagnetic waves, Narda safety test solutions with valid calibration date at the entrance door of their houses.
Results: A significant likelihood of miscarriage in women who exposed to significant level of electromagnetic wave. However, this association was not confirmed by Wald test.
Conclusion: This study may not provide strong or consistent evidence that electromagnetic field exposure is associated or cause miscarriage. This issue may be due to small sample size in this study.
Zahra Karimian, Effat Merghati Khoei, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Marzieh Araban, Mahbube Rasolzade, Shahrokh Aghayan, Seied Ali Azin,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (6-2017)

Background: Iranian sexology researchers have emphasized the need for highquality scientific data on the dimensions of sexuality among adults, particularly withcultural considerations. Best practice and the delivery of sexual health services relyon rigorous facts extracted from surveys, but often those facts cannot be availabledue to the lack of culturally-sensitive questionnaires.
Objective: The aim of this study was to show the validity and reliability of thePersian version of the Acquisition of Sexual Information Test (ASIT), a measureselected due to its assemblages with Iranian culture.
Materials and Methods: Forward-backward procedure was applied to translate the50 items-Acquisition of Sexual Information Test from English into Persian. Afterlinguistic validation, a cross-sectional study was carried out and psychometricproperties of the Iranian version of five-dimension questionnaire were tested in athirty sample of reproductive-age, married, healthy and sexually active women. Facevalidity was assessed by qualitative and quantitative methods. Content validity wasalso assessed by calculating two quantitative indicators as content validity index(CVI) and content validity ratio (CVR). In the qualitative phase, experts assessed thequestionnaire from aspects such as wording, grammar, item allocation, and scaling.Reliability was assessed by test-retest analyses.
Results: Impact score was 1.5 in all questions. , the majority of participants (83.3%)stated that the overall level of content qualitative validity of the questionnaire for thetarget population was high but some of the questions were irrelevant to sexualknowledge such as questions in regard to sexual self-concept and human evolution.Many questions (90%) gained a CVR less than 0.56, and all of them gained CVIslower than 0.7. Correlation in test-retest reliability was 0.85 that was considered tobe acceptable.
Conclusion: Regardless of our initial assumptions about selecting the Acquisition ofSexual Information Test, the Persian version of sexual knowledge questionnaireseems to be culturally inappropriate for Iranian women. Although, we need surveydata for assessing the evidence-based needs for sexual health and best practice, butthe questions addressing various dimensions of sexuality such as knowledge must beculturally sensitive, comprehensive and appropriate. Our findings suggest that ASITas a well-known measure should be used in Iranian population with caution. It mustbe re-validated in different adult populations than that we selected in this study.
Effat Merghati Khoei, Tahoora Alavi, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Fatemeh Sheikhan,
Volume 16, Issue 5 (May 2018)

Background: Women constitute about half of the Iranian population. Sexual behaviour is one of the most important elements in their lives. Identifying the elements associated with sexual behaviours seems necessary in order to draw a thorough picture of Iranian womenchr('39')s sexuality.
Objective: To elicit information from Iranian women at their reproductive ages on sexual behaviours related to their elements including sexual capacity, sexual motivation, performance and sexual scripts.
Materials and Methods: Study participants involved 295 women at reproductive age from five different cities. Women completed a national self-reporting questionnaire on elements related to sexual behaviours. The elements included sexual capacity, sexual motivation, sexual performance, and sexual script. Pearson’s correlation variance analysis and multi-linear regression were used to analyze data.
Results: Significant positive correlation was found between the sexual capacity, motivation, performance, and sexual script (p<0.001). Linear regression showed that the effective variable on the sexual performance were womenchr('39')s ages (p=0.02), and tertiary education (p=0.05). A significant association was found between age and sexual motivation score, too. A significant relation was observed between the history of pregnancy and level of education with a positive response to sexual script questions.
Conclusion: Identifying the elements of sexual behaviours would help women understand their sexual behaviours and related influencing factors. Therefore, enrichment of womenchr('39')s sexuality is needed; also a well-planned educational program is a need for women to understand their sexuality-related potentials.
Nader Aghakhani, Béatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Effat Merghati Khoei,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (January 2020)

Background: There are concerns and diverse experiences related to infertility and childlessness. The lived experience of infertile people from various cultures needs to be explored.
Objective: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Iranian women experiences of their infertility.
Materials and Methods: The data comprised interviews about fertility issues in the Persian language with eighteen women, aged 17-45 yr old, who agreed to be interviewed at the Mottahari Infertility Treatment Clinic, affiliated to the Urmia University of Medical Sciences about their fertility problems. They were approached by the researchers at the time of their first visit. The verbatim transcribed interviews were analyzed using deductive conventional content analysis.
Results: The experiences of the informants were conceptualized into four major themes: 1) Shock (subthemes: Disbelief and Denial); 2) Reaction (subthemes: Distress, Guilt, Loss of self-esteem and Sexual reluctance); 3) Processing (subthemes: Internal processing, Avoidance, Marriage at risk, External processing, Stigma caused by the family and Stigma caused by the community) and 4) Reorientation (subthemes: Forgetting, Marriage to saving marriage and Sexual consent).
Conclusion: Infertility can be a challenging condition. Considering that infertility-related issues affect Iranian women more contextual factors is necessary. So, culturally sensitive and gender specific protocols are suggested to provide suitable and about culturally sensitive and gender-specific protocols is a necessity in order to provide suitable care to infertile women.

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