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Showing 11 results for Mahdavi

Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Mahshid Mohseni, Atossa Mahdavi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (7-2009)

Background: Reviewing the literature reveals that pentoxifylline (PTX) plus tocopherol (vitamin E) are used mainly to promote sperm quality. However trials focusing on the effects of these drugs in female partner are limited. Combination of pentoxifylline and vitamin E appeared to improve the pregnancy rate in patients with a thin endometrium by increasing the endometrial thickness and improving ovarian function.
Objective: To determine whether combined PTX and tocopherol treatment can improve clinical pregnancy rate.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twelve infertile women undergoing standardized controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for ICSI- ZIFT entered this randomized clinical trial. Patients were randomized to equal groups of combined PTX and tocopherol therapy or none (not receiving PTX and tocopherol). These drugs were administered to the intervention group for two cycles before starting ICSI-ZIFT cycle. Main outcome measure was clinical pregnancy rate. SPSS.11 software (SPSS Inc. Chicago IL.) was used for data collection and analysis.
Results: The clinical pregnancy was higher in the intervention (combined PTX and tocopherol) group in comparison to the other group (57.14% vs 39.29% p=0.01). However there was no difference in the mean endometrial thickness number of retrieved oocytes the number of metaphase II oocytes and grade of them in both groups.
Conclusion: This study showed that PTX plus tocopherol could improve the ZIFT outcome in infertile couples. Local effects and anti oxidative characteristics of these drugs may be the cause of better results.
Fatemeh Mirzaie, Nahid Eftekhari, Sedigheh Goldozeian, Jamileh Mahdavinia,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (7-2010)

Background: Anemia in pregnancy is associated with increased rates of maternal and perinatal mortality.
Objective: To study the prevalence and risk factors of women with anemia during pregnancy in Kerman, Iran.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed based on 2213 pregnancies delivered during the years 2005-2007 in Kerman, Iran. Women with hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia were excluded from analysis. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin (Hg) lower than 11 g/dl during pregnancy. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square or Fisher’s exact test.
Results: Overall, 104 (4.7%) women were anemic (Hg<11g/dl), out of which 4.8% had severe anemia (Hg<7g/dl), 15.4 % had moderate anemia (Hg=7-8.9 g/dl) and 79.8% had mild anemia (Hg=9-10.9 g/dl). The frequency of anemia were 5%, 3.4% and 5.7% in the first, second and third trimester, respectively. Multiparity was associated with lower hemoglobin concentration during the second/third trimester of pregnancy (p=0.03 and p<0.001, respectively). Prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in smokers and opium users (p=0.01 and p=0.003, respectively).
Conclusion: Our study showed that prevalence of anemia was not high in this study. Factors associated with anemia during pregnancy were parity, smoking, opium use and not using Iron supplement.
Marzieh Agha Hosseini, Ashraf Aleyasin, Atossa Mahdavi, Sara Mokhtar, Leila Safdarian, Parvin Fallahi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (7-2010)

Background: Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) levels may represent the ovarian follicular pool and could be a useful marker of ovarian reserve. The clinical application of AMH measurement has been proposed in the prediction of quantitative and qualitative aspects in assisted reproductive technologies. Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between the serum levels of AMH and results of assisted reproductive technique (ART) outcome in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients versus control group.
Materials and Methods: This cohort study was conducted on 61 (PCOS) patients and 28 patients without PCOS (controls) candidates for assisted reproductive technique. Serum levels of AMH were measured on the 3rd day of menstrual cycle and all the patients underwent controlled ovarian hyper stimulation and ART. The relationship between AMH serum level with retrieved oocytes, mature oocytes and pregnancy rate were assessed.
Results: There was significant correlation between the AMH level with number of total retrieved oocytes and mature oocytes in patients with PCOS and controls (p=0.001). In PCOS and control groups AMH level in pregnant patients was higher, but it was not statistically significant (p=0.65, p=0.46, respectively). The major outcome of the study (pregnancy) did not differ significantly between two groups.
Conclusion: This study revealed that AMH level was higher in pregnant patients undergoing ART; but AMH may not be an accurate predictor for pregnancy in PCOS patients.
Leili Safdarian, Zahra Khayatzadeh, Ebrahim Djavadi, Atossa Mahdavi, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Ashraf Aleyasin, Parvin Fallahi, Sima Khayatzadeh, Arash Ahmadzadeh, Mohhamad Bagher Larijani,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (7-2012)

Background: Detection of best predictor of ovarian reserve in patients with temporarily or consistently elevated early follicular phase serum levels of FSH is one of the most important goals in assisted reproductive technique (ART).
Objective: To evaluate whether high level of anti-mullerian hormone level is related to success of ART in patients with temporarily or consistently elevated early follicular phase serum levels of FSH.  
Materials and Methods: Sixty three women underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with GnRH-agonist long protocol or intrauterine insemination (IUI) in a prospective cohort study. FSH, inhibin B and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels were measured in these women whom were divided to three groups (persistently elevated FSH, variably elevated FSH and, normal FSH level). Basal characteristics, stimulation parameters, and pregnancy occurrence were evaluated.
Results: AMH was significantly higher in women with persistently elevated early follicular phase FSH achieving pregnancy. Women with normal FSH did not have significant difference in AMH level between conceived and non conceived cycles. Women with only one elevated early follicular phase FSH achieving pregnancy did not have significant difference in AMH level with non pregnant women. Response to gonadotropin stimulation, recommendation to oocyte donation significantly differed between the groups.
Conclusion: This study has demonstrated that relatively young women with persistently or intermittently elevated day 3 FSH levels have diminished ovarian reserve and lower ART success. However, in women whose FSH levels were constantly elevated, AMH (not inhibin B) concentrations were significantly higher in ART cycles resulting in pregnancy. Therefore, AMH level is a good predictor of ART outcome in patients with elevated early follicular phase serum levels of FSH.

Razieh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Robab Davar, Farzaneh Hojjat, Mohamad Mahdavi,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (4-2013)

Background: Sildenafil citrate may increase endometrial thickness and affect the outcome of frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles.
Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of sildenafil citrate on ultrasonographic endometrial thickness and pattern and to investigate the estrogen level on the day of progesterone administration, the implantation rate and chemical pregnancy rate in frozen embryo transfer cycles.
Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 80 patients who had an antecedent of poor endometrial response and frozen embryos. 40 patients were given estradiol by a step up method with menstruation to prepare the endometrium, and the other 40 were given sildenafil citrate tablets (50 mg) daily in addition to the above treatment protocol from the first day of the cycle until the day progesterone was started. This was discontinued 48-72 hours prior to the embryo transfer.
Results: The endometrial thickness was significantly higher in the sildenafil citrate group (p<0.0001), the triple line patterns of the endometrium were significantly higher in the sildenafil citrate group (p<0.0001), while the intermediate patterns of the endometrium were not significantly different in the two groups. The echogen patterns of the endometrium were significantly higher in control group (p<0.0001). Finally, implantation rate and the chemical pregnancy rates were higher in the sildenafil citrate group but not significantly.
Conclusion: As our study shows, the oral use of sildenafil citrate is a good way to improve the endometrial receptivity. We recommend the routine use of oral sildenafil citrate in patients with a previous failure of assisted reproduction technology cycles due to poor endometrial thickness.
Maryam Afrakhteh, Atossa Mahdavi, Hadi Beyhaghi, Afshin Moradi, Sima Gity, Shirin Zafarghandi, Zahra Zonoubi,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (6-2013)

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the most common causes of illness in the world and have far-reaching health, economic and social consequences for many countries. Failure to diagnose and treat STIs at an early stage may result in serious complications and sequels.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in patients who remain symptomatic after completion of their first episode of treatment for STI.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 49 patients suffering from symptoms or signs of sexually transmitted infections despite their first complete anti STI treatment. Conducting physical exam and smear preparation from vaginal discharge, diagnosis was confirmed by Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method on every patient’s first-voided urine sample.
Results: Among the etiologic factors investigated in this study, Chlamydia was reported in 17 patients. Trichomoniasis, Candidiasis, Gonorrhea and nonspecific germs were next organisms with 11, 9, 6 and 6 patients, respectively. Sixteen specimens were PCR positive (32.65%), while 33 patients had negative PCR results (67.34%) for Chlamydia trachomatis.
Conclusion: Gonorrheal infection was the most prevalent infection in patients with completed treatment (6/10), which must be remembered in patients follow ups, because this prevalence warrants empirical therapy for Gonorrheain similar clinical conditions. Chlamydia trachomatis was the responsible organism in approximately a quarter of patients (17/75) who despite their full compliance on anti-Chlamydial treatment still suffered from signs and symptoms of STI. This rate also recommends empirical therapy for Chlamydia trachomatis in the similar clinical signs and symptoms.
Somayyeh Sadat Tahajjodi, Maryam Amerion, Nasser Mahdavi Shahri, Mehdi Jalali, Mohammad Reza Nikravesh,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (5-2014)

Background: Nicotine can pass through placental blood barrier and accumulate in the developing organs of fetus. Also, entering the breast milk, nicotine can have an effect on the neonates. Investigations have showed that collagen IV is one of the most important micro vessels basement membrane components.
Objective:  In this study, the effect of maternal nicotine exposure in pre and postnatal periods on collagen IV in microvessels of neonatal Balb/C mice brain cortex was studied by immunohistochemistry technique.
Materials and Methods:  24 pregnant Balb/C mice were divided in to 4 groups (6 mice in each group): two experimental and 2 control groups. The mothers in the 1st experimental group were injected 3 mg/kg nicotine intrapritoneally from the 5th day of pregnancy to parturition daily and in 2nd experimental group the same procedure was repeated to the 10th day after parturition (lactation). The control groups received the same volume of normal saline during the same time. 10 days after delivery, the brain tissues of newborns were isolated. Then, prepared blocks from fixed brain were cut serially for immunohistochemical assay.