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Showing 5 results for Farajkhoda

Mahshid Bokaie, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Behnaz Enjezab, Pooran Heidari, Mojgan Karimi Zarchi,
Volume 10, Issue 5 (10-2012)

Background: There are many reasons why some couples do not become parents. Some are infertile, some do not want kids, children can be in a social context unacceptable and for others different life goals are more important. Objective: This study was designed to determine barriers of child adoption in infertile couples in Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Iran from April 2010 to June 2011. The research program was comprised consecutively in 240 infertile couples. Experts in Guidance and Counseling vetted the instrument and set that it has content validity. Test re-test reliability was conducted by the investigators using a sample of 20 couples who have filled questionnaire. Results: Although 230 (96%) of the respondents heard of child adoption, only 89 (37.3%) of couples knew correct meaning of child adoption. Fifty four women (24%) knew how to adopt a baby while the rest did not; 196 (82%) respondents expressed their unwillingness to adopt a baby. Hoping of childbearing (78%) was the main barrier to adopt a child. Conclusion: The barriers mentioned were cultural practices, stigmatization, financial implications, and technical problems. Most of the infertile Iranian couples prefer to stay even so without children or think about new treatment.
Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Mahmoud Abbasi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (4-2013)

Background: Research in reproductive health (RH) has been located in the core of women’s health research. Providing accurate information through conducting scientific and controlled research is essential, but increased number of research in the world especially in developing countries in RH area in order to introduce advanced technologies has been resulted in much unethical, illegal and abusive research on women, which needs particular attention to ethical issues by the practitioners who are involved in RH research.
Objective: This study was conducted to develop a practical ethical framework for RH research.
Materials and Methods: 45 expert academics and clinicians in various disciplines included in a three rounds Delphi study through purposeful sampling method. In round 1 Delphi data were gathered using open-ended questions by e-mail and answers were analyzed by conventional content analysis and the findings merged and validated with the results of a thorough literature review. Face and content validity index were determined in round 2 Delphi and consensuses were attained in round 3.
Results: Emerged categories were 1) management of the research process 2) protection of participants’ rights 3) third party consent 4) gender sensitive research and 5) conflict of interest.
Conclusion: This study has provided a practical ethical framework according to the socio-cultural context of Iran for all practitioners who are involved in research on women. Adherence to this framework may protect practitioners against unethical and illegal lawsuits and help them to respect their clients’ reproductive rights.
Maryam Dalili, Mohamad Ali Karimzadeh Meybodi, Mohamad Ghaforzadeh, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Hossein Molavi-E Vardanjani,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (6-2013)

Background: Spontaneous preterm labor is one of the common obstetrics problems causing several physical, psychological and economical outcomes. Although due to these outcomes and the efficacy of cares for decreasing them, preterm labor screening is cost-effective and it is still one of the challenging issues in obstetrics.
Objective: In this study preterm labor screening by using cervical transvaginal sonography was evaluated.
Materials and Methods: This observational cohort study was performed in Yazd, Iran. Samples were selected from pregnant women at gestational age of 21-24 weeks who had single live fetus and referred to the obstetrics clinics of two selected hospitals in Yazd. Gestational age was estimated based on the sonography of the first trimester and cervical length measured by transvaginal sonography. Data analysis was done by using t and x2 test as well as ANOVA. Statistical significant level was considered as p<0.05.
Results: From 450 participants, 47 cases had preterm labor and 6 cases had positive funneling. Mean age of women with term labor was 26.09±4.13 years and that of women with preterm labor was 26.7±3.51 years (p=0.334). Duration of pregnancy and cervical length significantly differed between women with and without funneling (p=0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of screening based on cervical length of 25mm were 55.5% (50.9-60.1%) and 93.6% (91.2-96%) respectively.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, transvaginal ultrasound assessment of cervical length in low risk women has an acceptable reliability for screening of preterm labor.
Tahmineh Farajkhoda,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (3-2017)

Conducting research on the stem cell lines might bring some worthy good to public.Human Stem Cells (hSCs) research has provided opportunities for scientificprogresses and new therapies, but some complex ethical matters should be noticed toensure that stem cell research is carried out in an ethically appropriate manner. Theaim of this review article is to discuss the importance of stem cell research, code ofethics for stem cell research in Iran and ethical recommendation. Generation of stemcells for research from human embryo or adult stem cells, saving, maintenance andusing of them are the main ethical, legal and jurisprudence concerns in Iran.Concerns regarding human reproduction or human cloning, breach of humandignity, genetic manipulation and probability of tumorogenisity are observed inadult/somatic stem cells. Destruction of embryo to generate stem cell is an importantmatter in Iran. In this regards, obtaining stem cell from donated frozen embryosthrough infertility treatment that would be discarded is an acceptable solution in Iranfor generation of embryo for research. Ethical , legal, and jurisprudence strategiesfor using of adult/somatic stem cells are determination of ownership of stem cells,trade prohibition of human body, supervision on bio banks and information ofOversight Committee on Stem Cell Research. Recommendations to handle ethicalissues for conducting stem cell research are well-designed studies, compliance codesof ethics in biomedical research (specifically codes of ethics on stem cell research,codes of ethics on clinical trials studies and codes of ethics on animals studies),appropriate collaboration with ethics committees and respecting of rights ofparticipants (including both of human and animal rights) in research. In addition,there is a necessity to for extending global networks of bioethics for strengtheningcommunications within organizations at both the regional and international level,strengthening legislation systems, designing and establishing convenientcollaborative educational courses at different levels.

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