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Showing 4 results for Elyasi

Tahereh Esmaeilpour, Leila Elyasi, Soghra Bahmanpour, Alireza Ghannadi, Ahmad Monabbati, Farzaneh Dehghani, Marjaneh Kazerooni,
Volume 10, Issue 5 (10-2012)

Background: It has been claimed that by using different washing methods, the sperms can be separated according to size, motility, density, chromosomal content and surface markings and charge. These methods also reduce sperm chromatin deficiencies and screen the sperms before applying in assisted reproduction techniques.
Objective: This study compared simple density gradient methods and a combined method with albumin density gradient and PureSperm separation (alb/PureSperm) for sex preselection by double fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) versus chromomycin A3 staining to determine chromatin integrity. Materials and Methods: 30 normal semen samples were prepared with PureSperm, albumin gradients and alb/PureSperm. All samples were then stained by FISH and chromomycin A3. The results were compared with SPSS 11.5 and the Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: The proportion of X-bearing spermatozoa by PureSperm separation (47.58±5.67) and Y-bearing spermatozoa by albumin gradient (46.13±3.83) methods were slightly higher than in putative normal sperm samples (1:1), but there were no significant differences in the X- or Y- bearing spermatozoa counts among the three methods. Albumin gradient separation tended to underestimate abnormal spermatozoa compared to PureSperm and combined alb/PureSperm.
Conclusion: Routine separation methods slightly enriched X- or Y- bearing spermatozoa, but the differences were not significant for clinical purposes. The combined alb/PureSperm method had no advantages for assessing sex ratio or chromatin integrity compared to simpler gradient methods.
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi,
Volume 15, Issue 9 (9-2017)

Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined.
Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis.
Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles. For this purpose, 1149 articles were collected and 66 items were used.
Results: Findings were classified into 2 main categories: a) pseudocyesis etiology, which could include (biological psychological factors and psychiatric disorders, and social factors); and b) pseudocyesis management.
Conclusion: Pseudocyesis results from a multidimensional group of factors, and a holistic and comprehensive approach should be taken to its treatment. Cooperation between gynecologists and psychiatrists would likely be useful in addressing the condition.
Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Fereshteh Yazdani, Forouzan Elyasi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Sepideh Peyvandi, Keshvar Samadaee Gelehkolaee, Maryam Shahidi,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (January 2019 2019)

Background: One of the stressful and critical experiences that threat the individual, family, marital, and social stability is infertility.
Objective: To identify the effects of midwifery-led counselling programs on the perceived stress of the women undergoing assisted reproductive  treatment.
Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 50 infertile women who underwent in vitro fertilization treatment for the first time were enrolled in two groups. The intervention group received six sessions of group counselling by M.Sc. midwifery of counseling student and the control group received only the routine care. All participants filled Newton’s standard questionnaire before and at the time of puncture, embryo transfer and the pregnancy test.
Results: The mean ± SD scores for the perceived infertility stress before the intervention in the control and the intervention groups were 167.92 ± 12.14 and 166.75 ± 13.27, respectively. The mean of perceived stress after intervention at the time of oocyte puncture in the control and case group were 177.12 ± 19.37 and 115.75 ± 13.88, at the time of embryo transfer were 179.40 ± 18.34 and 118.08 ± 15.37, and at the time of pregnancy test was 183.76 ± 14.97 and 120.50 ± 16.24, respectively. The perceived stress of infertility after intervention were statistically significant in the two group (p ≤ 0.001).
Conclusion: Group counselling is one of the effective methods for reducing the perceived stress in the women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment.
Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Fereshteh Yazdani, Forouzan Elyasi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Sepideh Peyvandi, Keshvar Samadaee,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (April 2019 2019)

The stressful experience of infertility is associated with a wide range of psychological
damage (1), so infertility affects people’s mental health and all aspects of an individual’s
life (2). Since women in the family are considered to be the main pillars of the community
and they are also more vulnerable to illnesses, therefore consideration of their health is
also very important (3). The objective of the current letter is investigating the mental
health status of infertile women and its related factors as predictors of mental health in
infertile women.
This is a descriptive study conducted on 100 infertile women referred to the
infertility treatment centers in Mazandaran province, North of Iran. The General Health
Questionnaire was provided to the infertile women. The questionnaire is a self-reporting
questionnaire that is used clinically to track those who are prepared for mental illness
Based on the findings, Total Scale of General Health Questionnaire was 33.18 ± 10.27
that was according to the cut-off point of 22, 85% of the infertile women in this study
are in the disorder condition. Also, in terms of subscales: physical complaints was 8.65
± 3.97, anxiety and insomnia was 8.69 ± 5.58, disruption of social function was 12.73
± 3.34, and depression was 3.10 ± 3.79. The most common disorder was related to
social disorder subscale and the least common subscale was related to the depression
disorder. The subscales of physical symptoms and sleep disturbance and anxiety are
ranked almost at one level, and they are classified between the two subscales that were
already mentioned.
Therefore, based on our findings and the level of women’s mental health, there is
a need for a psychologist or midwifery counselor in the infertility treatment centers to
improve the mental health of women. In addition, since the mental disease may also
affect the outcome of the treatment, attention to the mental health of infertile women is
really importance.

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