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Marzieh Zohrabi, Elham Rahmani, Niloofar Motamed, Samad Akbarzadeh,
Volume 15, Issue 10 (October 2017)

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disease and associated with insulin resistance. CXC Ligand 5 (CXCL5) is a new cytokine which is secreted from white adipose tissue during obesity and by blocking insulin signaling pathway inhibits the activity of insulin and promotes insulin resistance.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess serum level of CXCL5 in PCOS women with normal body mass index.
Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 30 PCOS women with normal body mass index as the case group and 30 non-PCOS women as the controls were enrolled. Serum levels of CXCL5, insulin and other hormones factors related with PCOS were measured by ELISA method, also the biochemical parameters were measured by autoanalyzer.
Results: Significant increases in serum insulin concentration, homeostasis model assessments of insulin resistance, luteinizing hormone, luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone, fasting blood sugar, testosterone, and prolactin were observed in the case group compared to the controls. were in the serum level of CXCL5, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol,dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, creatinine, and homeostasis model assessment of beta cell function between these two groups.
Conclusion: In this study, no significant change was observed in serum concentrations of CXCL5 in PCOS women with normal BMI.
Mojgan Akbarzadeh-Jahromi, Maedeh Motavas, Afsoon Fazelzadeh,
Volume 16, Issue 10 (October 2018)

Background: Surgical scar endometriosis is typically presented as a slow-growing, painful abdominal mass near the site of a past surgery. Endometriosis on the trocar port site is rare. To best of our knowledge, only 17 cases have been reported in the literature. The nonspecific nature of endometriosis presents a diagnostic challenge, and it is often considered as an incisional hernia or other conditions.
Case: Here, we described our experience with a recurrent abdominal scar endometriosis case at the trocar port site of a previous laparoscopy, which was initially thought to be an incisional hernia.
Conclusion: Abdominal wall endometriosis should be considered as an important differential diagnosis in females with a positive history of prior abdominal surgery, presented with painful nodule or mass at the site of the surgery.

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