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Maryam Eidi, Akram Eidi, Omid Pouyan, Pouneh Shahmohammadi, Reza Fazaeli, Massih Bahar,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (7-2010)
Abstract

Background: The trace element copper has been identified as a highly toxic element for sperm. It is known to affect sperm motility in humans and experimental implantation of copper in the epididymis vas deferens and scrotum of mammals has been demonstrated to affect fertility detrimentally. Objective: Sperm concentration motility vitality and morphology are parameters used to evaluate potential male fertility. Since copper is believed to be important for spermatogenesis; we conducted a study to investigate the correlation between seminal plasma copper concentration and human semen parameters in 232 males.
Materials and Methods: We selected 232 subfertile or infertile men who referred to Omid Fertility Clinic randomly. Samples were categorized into normospermic (n=32) oligozospermic (n=73) asthenozospermic (n=111) and azospermic (n=16) groups according to their spermiogrames. Total seminal plasma copper concentration was determined by furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer.
Results: The results showed that seminal plasma copper concentrations in oligozospermic asthenozospermic and azospermic groups are significantly higher than normozospermic group (p<0.01). Also, negative correlations were found between seminal plasma copper concentration and sperm count (p<0.05), sperm motility (p<0.01), sperm vitality (p<0.01), normal morphology (p<0.01) and pH (p<0.01) in all groups.
Conclusion: It was suggested that excess copper in seminal plasma was detrimental for male reproductive capacity by reducing sperm count, motility, vitality and morphology.
Farnaz Shapouri, Shaghayegh Saeidi, Sara Ashrafi Kakhki, Omid Pouyan, Elham Amirchaghmaghi, Reza Aflatoonian,
Volume 11, Issue 11 (12-2013)
Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that malfunction of immune system may cause testicular cancer. Recently, our understanding of innate immune system has been expanded, by discovery of “Toll- like receptors” (TLRs). Some studies have shown that polymorphisms of TLR2 and 4 can effect on the risk of cancer. Also, the role of TLRs 3and 9 have been shown in apoptosis of cancer cells and metastasis in animal models.
Objective: Little information is available about the influence of innate immunity on testicular malignancy. Therefore, expression of TLRs 2, 3, 4 and 9 as main components of innate immunity has been investigated in this study.
Materials and Methods: In this case control study, TLRs gene expression was examined by RT-PCR in normal testis and testicular cancer tissues. Real time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) analysis was used to compare the relative expression of TLRs between the samples.
Results: mRNAs of TLR 2, 3, 4 and 9 were expressed in all normal and cancer samples. Q-PCR reveals that cancer samples had stronger expression of these genes in compared with normal ones.
Conclusion: It seems that the different TLRs expression in testicular cancer cells may contribute to extensive signaling pathways involved in carcinogenesis.

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