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Showing 4 results for Eftekhari

Nahid Eftekhari,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2007)

Background: Inversion of the uterus is very uncommon. Patients may present with pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, or hemodynamic shock.
Case: We report a case of 35 years old women (virgin) who was admitted with profuse vaginal bleeding and cramps of uterus. In the vaginal examination at litothomy position a mass of 58 cm in size was protruded from the vagina. At first myomectomy was performed and after that laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy was done.
Conclusion: Early diagnosis, immediate treatment of shock, and replacement are essential in uterine inversion.
Fattaneh Farifteh, Marzieh Mehrafza, Mona Oudi, Azadeh Eftekhari, Maryam Rahnavard, Khatereh Barjasteh, Ahmad Hossieni,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (7-2009)

Background: Embryo transfer (ET) has traditionally been performed two days after oocyte retrieval. Delaying transfer from day two to day three or four would allow for further development of the embryo might therefore optimize the selection of viable and best quality embryos for transfer and may be closer to the physiological time of the entry into the uterus than transfer on day two and might have a positive effect on pregnancy outcomes.
Objective: The study aimed to determine whether delayed transfer of embryos from 2 to 3 or 4 days after oocyte retrieval and the pregnancy rate in ICSI (intra cytoplasmic sperm injection) procedure.
Materials and Methods: In this deh1ive study we evaluated infertile couples who were referred to the Mehr Infertility Institute between 2006 and 2008 for ICSI according to the day of embryo transfer. We compared embryo quality pregnancy rate and implantation rate among day 2 3 or 4 of transfers. Pregnancy rate was confirmed by measurement of β-hCG in serum after 14 days. After data collection analysis was carried out with the t-test and chi squared tests by using the statistical software package SPSS.16.
Results: The overall clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) reported was 46.6%. The mean age of women and duration of infertility didn,t differ on the day of embryo transfer (p>0.05). Overall CPRs were not statistically different for day 2 (50.3%) day 3 (46.5%) and day 4 (34.8%) transfers respectively there were no significant differences in the age of transferred embryos between pregnant and nonpregnant women (p>0.05).
Conclusion: From the result of the present study there were no statistically significant differences in pregnancy rates according to the day of embryo transfer.
Fatemeh Mirzaie, Nahid Eftekhari, Sedigheh Goldozeian, Jamileh Mahdavinia,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (7-2010)

Background: Anemia in pregnancy is associated with increased rates of maternal and perinatal mortality.
Objective: To study the prevalence and risk factors of women with anemia during pregnancy in Kerman, Iran.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed based on 2213 pregnancies delivered during the years 2005-2007 in Kerman, Iran. Women with hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia were excluded from analysis. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin (Hg) lower than 11 g/dl during pregnancy. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square or Fisher’s exact test.
Results: Overall, 104 (4.7%) women were anemic (Hg<11g/dl), out of which 4.8% had severe anemia (Hg<7g/dl), 15.4 % had moderate anemia (Hg=7-8.9 g/dl) and 79.8% had mild anemia (Hg=9-10.9 g/dl). The frequency of anemia were 5%, 3.4% and 5.7% in the first, second and third trimester, respectively. Multiparity was associated with lower hemoglobin concentration during the second/third trimester of pregnancy (p=0.03 and p<0.001, respectively). Prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in smokers and opium users (p=0.01 and p=0.003, respectively).
Conclusion: Our study showed that prevalence of anemia was not high in this study. Factors associated with anemia during pregnancy were parity, smoking, opium use and not using Iron supplement.
Masoumeh Rajabpour-Niknam, Mehdi Totonchi, Maryam Shahhosseini, Ali Farrokhi, Hiva Alipour, Poopak Eftekhari-Yazdi,
Volume 11, Issue 9 (12-2013)

Background: Embryo cryopreservation is the process that water is removed from the cell by cryoprotectant materials, and embryos are stored at temperature below zero. This process may affect the viability and developmental potential of embryos.
Objective: In this study, the effect of the vitrification cryotop method on the expression level of Oct4 and Mest developmental genes in mouse blastocysts was examined.
Materials and Methods: The collected 2-cell embryos of superovulated mouse by oviduct flushing were divided into non-vitrified and vitrified groups. These embryos were cultured to the blastocyst stage directly in the non-vitrified group and in the vitrified group, these embryos were cultured to 4-8 cell embryos, vitrified with cryotop in these stages and after 2-6 months, warmed and cultured to blastocyst embryos. Quantitative expression of two developmental genes, namely Oct4 and Mest, were performed in these groups, using RNA purification and Real-time RT-PCR.
Results: Quantitative PCR analysis showed that the expression level of both genes, Oct4 and Mest, was reduced significantly in the vitrified-warmed group relative to the control group (p=0.046 and p=0.001).
Conclusion: This study revealed that morphologically normal embryos show a reduced amount of Oct4 and Mest transcripts which indicate that the vitrification method negatively effects the expression level of these two developmental genes.

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