Volume 15, Issue 10 (October 2017)                   IJRM 2017, 15(10): 625-634 | Back to browse issues page

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Salarkia E, Sepehri G, Torabzadeh P, Abshenas J, Saberi A. Effects of administration of co-trimoxazole and folic acid on sperm quality and histological changes of testes in male rats. IJRM. 2017; 15 (10) :625-634
URL: http://journals.ssu.ac.ir/ijrmnew/article-1-869-en.html
1- Department of Biology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran., Iran
2- Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran., Iran , gsepehri@yahoo.com
3- Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran
4- Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran, Iran
5- Kerman Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran
Abstract:   (517 Views)
Background: Male infertility has been reported following long-term sulfasalazine, however, the precise effects of co-trimoxazole on sperm quality is controversial.
Objective: In this study, we evaluated the effects of co-trimoxazole and its co-administration with folic acid on sperm quality and histological changes of testes in male rats.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 136 male Wistar rats were divided into 9 groups: I (control), II (vehicle) received saline, III: received folic acid (1 mg/kg /daily i.p., and IV- IX received co-trimoxazole (30, 60, and 120 mg/kg/daily; i.p.)+folic acid (1 mg/kg/daily; i.p.) for 14 or 28 days. Sperm samples were obtained from each group at the end of 14th and 28th days. Sperm numbers, motility, and viability were evaluated on a hemocytometer. Hematoxylin and Eosin stained testes were done for evaluation ofthe number of Leydig cells, vascularity, spermatids, spermatocytes, and means of seminiferous tubules diameter under light microscopy.
Results: Co-trimoxazole treatment for either 14 or 28 days caused a significant decrease in the percentage of sperm number, motility, and viability (p<0.001) compared to the control group. Also, high doses of co-trimoxazole caused a significant decrease in testes structural abnormalities means of seminiferous tubules diameter, spermatids, and spermatogonia) compared to the vehicle group (p<0.001). Folic acid co-administration with co-trimoxazole partially reversed the decrease in sperm quality and structural abnormalities of high doses of co-trimoxazole (60 and 120 mg/kg/daily) (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The data showed the adverse effects of co-trimoxazole on sperm quality and testes morphology which was protected partially by folic acid co-administration in rats. The underlying mechanism (s) needs further investigations.
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Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2017/12/4 | Accepted: 2017/12/4 | Published: 2017/12/4

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