Volume 15, Issue 6 (7-2017)                   IJRM 2017, 15(6): 367-374 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Debebe S, Andualem Limenih M, Biadgo B. Modern contraceptive methods utilization and associated factors among reproductive aged women in rural Dembia District, northwest Ethiopia: Community based cross-sectional study. IJRM. 2017; 15 (6) :367-374
URL: http://journals.ssu.ac.ir/ijrmnew/article-1-830-en.html
1- University of Gondar Hospital, Laboratory, Gondar, Ethiopia
2- University of Gondar, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Gondar, Ethiopia , mitekuandualem@yahoo.com
3- University of Gondar, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Gondar, Ethiopia
Abstract:   (1288 Views)
Background: Improving women’s health through modern contraceptive methods utilization is the key strategy to prevent unwanted pregnancy and its complication. However, there was limited evidence on utilization of modern contraceptive methods in the study area.
Objective: This study identified factors affecting utilization of modern contraceptive methods among women at reproductive age group in rural areas of Dembia district, 2015.
Materials and Methods: Community based cross sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Dembia District. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a total of 616 study participants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with modern contraceptive utilization. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI) was computed to determine the level of significance.
Results: Modern contraceptive methods utilization was found to be 31.7% 95%CI (28.0-35.3). Age [Adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 1.94, (95%CI: 1.170-3.216)], women who has educated husband [AOR: 0.28, (95%CI: 0.117-0.666)], Marital status [AOR: 2.81, (95%CI: 1.344-5.855)] and Spousal announcement about family planning issues [AOR: 2.58, (95%CI: (1.276-5.202)] were factors associated with modern contraceptive methods utilization.
Conclusion: Modern contraceptive methods utilization was found to be low. Providing educational opportunities, creating awareness about contraception and effective counseling would increase modern contraceptive methods utilization.
Full-Text [PDF 360 kb]   (339 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (76 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article |

1. World Health Organization. World health statistics 2014. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2014.
2. Bremner J, Frost A, Haub C, Mather M, Ringheim K, Zuehlke E. World population highlights: Key findings from PRB's 2010 world population data sheet. Population Bullet 2010; 65: 1-12.
3. Darroch JE, Singh S, Nadeau J. Contraception: an investment in lives, health and development. Issues in brief (Alan Guttmacher Institute). 2008; 5:1-4.
4. Gerland P, Raftery AE, Ševčíková H, Li N, Gu D, Spoorenberg T, et al. World population stabilization unlikely this century. Science 2014; 346: 234-237. [DOI:10.1126/science.1257469]
5. World Health Organization. WHO library cataloguing-in-publication data World Health Statistics 2010.
6. Macro O. Central Statistical Agency: Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey 2014.
7. Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, Tunçalp Ö, Moller A-B, Daniels J, et al. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. Lancet Global Health 2014; 2: e323-e333. [DOI:10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70227-X]
8. Sundaram A, Vlassoff M, Bankole A, Remez L, Gebrehiwot Y. Benefits of meeting the contraceptive needs of Ethiopian women. Issues in Brief 2010: 1-8.
9. Bongaarts J, Cleland J, Townsend JW, Bertrand JT, Gupta MD. Family Planning Programs For the 21ST Century. New York: Population Council. 2012.
10. Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, et al. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet 2011; 378: 1139-1165. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61337-8]
11. Lakew Y, Reda AA, Tamene H, Benedict S, Deribe K. Geographical variation and factors influencing modern contraceptive use among married women in Ethiopia: evidence from a national population based survey. Reprod Health 2013; 10: 52. [DOI:10.1186/1742-4755-10-52]
12. Dixon J. National, Regional, and Global Rates and Trends in Contraceptive Prevalence and Unmet Need for Family Planning between 1990 and 2015: A Systematic and Comprehensive Analysis. J Emerg Med 2013; 45: 482. [DOI:10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.07.010]
13. Cleland J, Bernstein S, Ezeh A, Faundes A, Glasier A, Innis J. Family planning: the unfinished agenda. Lancet 2006; 368: 1810-1827. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69480-4]
14. Speidel JJ, Weiss DC, Ethelston SA, Gilbert SM. Population policies, programmes and the environment. Biol Sci 2009; 364: 3049-3065. [DOI:10.1098/rstb.2009.0162]
15. Ko I, You M, Kim E, Lee T, Kim S, Kim Y, et al. Family planning practice and related factors of married women in Ethiopia. Int Nurs Rev 2010; 57: 377-382. [DOI:10.1111/j.1466-7657.2010.00805.x]
16. Kayembe PK, Fatuma AB, Mapatano MA, Mambu T. Prevalence and determinants of the use of modern contraceptive methods in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Contraception 2006; 74: 400-406. [DOI:10.1016/j.contraception.2006.06.006]
17. Kebede Y. Contraceptive prevalence and factors associated with usage of contraceptives around Gondar Town. Ethiopian J Health Dev 2000; 14: 327-334. [DOI:10.4314/ejhd.v14i3.9906]
18. Oyedokun AO. Determinants of contraceptive usage: lessons from women in Osun State, Nigeria. J Human Soc Sci 2007; 1: 1-14.
19. Tengia-Kessy A, Rwabudongo N. Utilization of modern family planning methods among women of reproductive age in a rural setting: the case of Shinyanga rural district, Tanzania. East African Journal of Public Heath 2006;3: 26-30.
20. Gizaw A, Regassa N. Family planning service utilization in Mojo town, Ethiopia: A population based study. J Geography Regional Plan 2011; 4: 355-363.
21. Thorvaldsen G, Islam R. Family planning knowledge and current use of contraception among the Mru indigenous women in Bangladesh: a multivariate analysis. 2012.
22. Tuloro T, Deressa W, Ali A, Davey G. The role of men in contraceptive use and fertility preference in Hossana Town, southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian J Health Dev 2006; 20:152-159.
23. Alemayehu M, Belachew T, Tilahun T. Factors associated with utilization of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age in Mekelle town, Tigray region, north Ethiopia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2012; 12: 6. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-12-6]
24. Megabiaw B. Awareness and utilization of modern contraceptives among street women in North-West Ethiopia. BMC women's Healt 2012; 12: 31. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6874-12-31]
25. Tsehaye WT, Mengistu D, Birhanu E, Berhe KK. Assessment of preference and its determinant factors to ward modern contraceptive methods among women of reproductive age group in shire Indaselassie town, northern Ethiopia, 2011. Int J Family Med 2013; 2013:317609. [DOI:10.1155/2013/317609]
26. Bogale B, Wondafrash M, Tilahun T, Girma E. Married women's decision making power on modern contraceptive use in urban and rural southern Ethiopia. BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 342. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-11-342]
27. Kaggwa EB, Diop N, Storey JD. The role of individual and community normative factors: a multilevel analysis of contraceptive use among women in :::::union::::: in Mali. Int Family Plan Perspect 2008;34: 79-88. [DOI:10.1363/3407908]
28. Yazdanpanah M, Eslami M, Andalib P, Motlaq E, Jadidi N, Nakhaee N. Acceptability and side effects of Cyclofem© once-a-month injectable contraceptive in Kerman, Iran. Iran J Reprod Med 2010; 8: 191-196.
29. Yilmazel G, Balci E. Preferences and related factors for postpartum contraception in pregnant women. Iran J Reprod Med 2013; 11: 801-806.
30. Alemayehu T, Haider J, Habte D. Determinants of adolescent fertility in Ethiopia. Ethiopian J Health Dev 2010; 24:30-38 [DOI:10.4314/ejhd.v24i1.62942]

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb